WHEEL TEACHINGS IN THE 21st CENTURY
The Original Social & Business Media Network -- It is good to be First!
The Song of Wolf Brings the
the Natural World &
Connects us to each other, our Ancestors and the Seven Directions.
once thought you came to live with us. You still could have that chance.
We're still here, and we live on this land. We don't live in your
libraries in the pages of your books. This project is not for digging up
our pottery, or for digging up our bones, for that matter. It's not even
for digging up data and statistics about us. We have a long surviving
and sacred tradition and an experiential wisdom that's been passed on
for more centuries than you can imagine. This is your chance to benefit
from that. All you have to do is be quiet and listen and quit worrying
about proving and believing."
(Mad Bear - Tuscarora Holy Man of the Tuscarora Nation of the Six-Nation Haudenosaunee Confederacy)
What many other tribal communities did, rather than "reinvent the wheel", pun intended, was to simply adopt the medicine wheel and its teachings as a universal symbol of peaceful interaction among nations. Quite simply, the teachings crossed cultural understanding and knowledge and so why fix it if it aint broke?
The Plains Medicine Wheel teachings include the seven sacred ceremonies and the seven sacred teachings of White Buffalo Calf Woman. These, for example, were subsequently adopted by the Ojibwa, Chippewa, Potowatami (Anishinaabe) people and called the "Seven Grandfather teachings"); they changed the emphasis from female to a male perspective as part of their cultural world view. (Respect, Honour, Wisdom, Courage, Love, Humility, Honesty).
"Long ago, I heard my children cry. Four days later, I took on the shape of a White Buffalo Calf. Four days after that, I went to them. And over the next four days, I taught them Sacred Songs and Dances and I taught them the Seven Sacred Ceremonies. I taught them the Sun Dance. I taught them to Fast. I taught them the sacred and traditional ceremonies necessary for youth Coming of Age. I gifted them with the Peace Pipe and taught them how to use it. I taught them the ways of the Medicine Wheel. I taught them to seek their paths to The Good Red Road by reaching out to me through the Vision Quest. And I taught them how to build and use the Sweat Lodge." (The Seven Sacred Teachings of White Buffalo Calf Woman, by David Bouchard and Dr. Joseph Martin, 2009).
tribe to tribe, the details may differ but the basic teachings are
the same. They have been
followed and shared for many, many years. So we honour the
ancestors, the ones that have walked before us, because they’re the
ones that sat in circles many times before, and prayed that their
children and their grandchildren would follow in their path. When we
honour the ancestors, we honour ourselves. "
(Elder, Lillian Pitawanakwat, Ojibwa)
" (Elder, Lillian Pitawanakwat, Ojibwa)
So, to the Plains, I say in your language, "pi la may ya ye" (Thank
You) for your
wisdom. As a Tsimshian Elder, I use the knowledge with honour and
respect, according to my world view which isn't all that different
So, to the Plains, I say in your language, "pi la may ya ye" (Thank You) for your wisdom. As a Tsimshian Elder, I use the knowledge with honour and respect, according to my world view which isn't all that different from yours.
Scattered across the plains are a number of stone medicine wheels. Some are extremely large, greater than 12 meters across. The term "Medicine Wheel" was first applied to the Big Horn Medicine Wheel in Wyoming, the most southern and the largest in existence. Big Horn measures seventy meters across and on the June Solstice, a ray from the Sun cuts directly across it. Big Horn consists of a central circle of piled rock surrounded by a circle of stone; "Rays" of stones travel out from the central core of rock and its surrounding circle. The whole structure looks rather like the wheel of a bicycle.
Despite their physical existence, there is still a lot of mystery surrounding them, because without written records, so little is understood as to their true meaning. Many theories abound, including: (a) the wheels contain significant stellar and cosmological alignments, specifically designed in other words to point towards the rising sun or to certain star nation constellation(s); (b) the performance of specific rituals and ceremonies that have been lost to the mists of time.
There have been many books written about the Medicine Wheel with some of the knowledge placed in difference directions. For example, red people in the west and black people in the east; Anishinaabe version places the Red People in the South and the Black People in the West. They sometimes replace the yellow and white with green and blue. Others suggest the wheel is walked in a counter-clockwise direction.
As so little is really known, there is really no wrong way to build a wheel, A circular walk after all has no beginning and no end no matter which direction you start. It is more of a question of what resonates within the world view of each tribal culture as they seek their own understandings through the expression of building a medicine wheel.
I can only speak from my own knowledge, research and what has been taught to me. "Some things on the wheel", as one of my teachers once said to me "are simply based on geographical logic." For example, where the main colours of human moreorless currently originated' "Logic." he said, White in the North, Yellow in the East, Black in the South, Red in the West.
“We have no buildings, there are no steeples. The lake is our church, the evergreen trees are our living saints if we must speak in your language. Leave us to see beauty everyday rather than find it only in our memories.” (Taos Pueblo Elder)
"Medicine wheel teachings are among the oldest of First Nations people and are based on the seven directions (North, East, South West, Life above the earth, life on the earth, life within each of us). Native people are being called back to share our sacred medicine wheel teachings; wisdom that influenced tribal life for thousands of years. We are living in a time of fractured families, countries at war, and the innocent caught up in the maelstrom of "power over" mentalities. Yet, it does not have to be this way. The Tsimshian call it Ama't'ilgoolsk, ama'diduuls, or "good thoughts, good life". My book is about, clearing physical, spiritual, emotional mental debris so that another story emerges; a story of hope, sharing, understanding, survival and, ultimately, the triumph of the human spirit. The Lakhota call it, Hanta Ho, or “clearing the way”, Ojibwa call it Mene Doh, or a "state of revitalization"; the Mi'gmaq call it Gsite'taqan or "something to be cherished or valued", which extends to re-infusing the earth and its citizens with healthy attitudes and right actions. Certainly, witnessing the land come back to life cannot help but impact everyone in a good way.
Canada's Original People lived lives of dignity and integrity, we did not engage in sordid behaviour; we did not subjugate a genders, or destroy another tribe; instead, we lived lives of deep meaning and substance that held at its centre an abiding respect for the land which gave us our physical (east) spiritual (south), emotional (west), mental (north), sustenance. We came into our leadership by staying in our personal and collective power, by showing up and choosing to be accountable; by extending honour and respect to all living beings. We lived by the dictate: "Begin as you mean to carry on."
We honoured our heritage, we were flexible and fluid in our dealings with each other. Every day, we demonstrated by our behaviour the power of "right action", and its components of clarity, objectivity and discernment. We were open to outcomes, not attached to them which would have limited the scope of our lives. In other words, we paid attention to what had heart and meaning because above all else, we knew that it was the heart that held our memories; when we extended the arms of love inward to ourselves and outward to others, we held a balanced view of the power of health, wellness and positive interconnectivity. We dared to dream but remained humble in the process. We gave voice to the majesty of ceremony and prayer through our songs and stories.
We have never forgotten that our life dream depended on our judicious care of the land and each other. You see, we were more than the sum of our physical parts, or our tribal names, we were water, land, trees, animals, swimmers, flyers, crawlers and the supernatural. And, so we accepted without limits or conditions our role as Mother Earth's caretakers and we found joy and challenge in the journey. There was a deep understanding of the equality of all life with each living and non-living entity having a soul. The Tsimshian believe, for example, that the animals and the standing people (trees), brought to the spiritual table their own unique gifts which were equal in strength to their human cousins. There are many stories from the Pacific Northwest Coast about the standing people which were revered for their ability to provide protection, warmth and shelter to humans."
contains a chart to build a forty-stone Medicine Wheel, along with
both a Character and Environmental teaching. Forty Stones = Eighty
Teachings! The book is a valuable tool for Educators in helping to
incorporate the teachings into their mindful character education
is also for all those interested folks wanting to know more about
the rich knowledge of First Nations people.
To order a copy
MEDICINE WHEEL AND
Sixty Minutes TV Show pundit, the late Andy Rooney in one of his tiresome, irrelevant televised diatribes. 1992).
Despite irresponsible views by public figures such as the late Mr. Rooney, my Ancestors possessed an enlightened consciousness that rested in the spiritual power contained in the highest and best of each of them.
"Spiritualism is the highest form of political and social consciousness. Native people are among the last surviving teachers of this kind of enlightened experience." (Haudenosaunne address to the western world, Geneva, 1977).
It is important to use spiritualism and the medicine wheel wisely and well in the 21st century - which is a time of b ridging ancient wisdom into the creative tapestry of contemporary times. In other words, spirituality is not a religion. As a matter of fact, there is no word for the word religion in First Nations tongues because it creates an unnecessary separation between humans and Mother Earth, whose spiritual essence resonates through her natural warmth, sound and visual sensations that heals souls and raises spirits. Our relationship with her provides for us a holistic road to peace and this goes well beyond any human-designed religion that often seeks to control and manipulate.
On the Pacific Northwest Coast where I am from, it started with Adaax (Stories or True Telling), when during Yaawk (Feast Season) elaborate oral narratives and dance dramas depicted our cultural history and knowledge. In a pan-Native sense, our Ancestors closely studied the natural world, becoming familiar with animal behaviour, plant medicine, darkness and light, the changing tides, and all other forms of nature. We treated each living being as a sacred and equal member of the living world; hence all living beings were referred to as People, given human attributes, souls and spiritual responsibilities. It was inconceivable for the tribes to view themselves as separate or above the natural and supernatural worlds; it was this vast and profound knowledge that sustain us, and we flourished for thousands and thousands of years.
MEDICINE WHEEL AND SYMBOLS
MEDICINE WHEEL - A UNIVERSAL SYMBOL
The teachings mirror your life; it sometimes requires courage to look and really see what is being reflected back to you because some experiences are painful, while others joyful and reflective. However, it is ultimately facing it all that makes you a stronger and better person.
My Ancestors were encouraged to think and walk in a positive ways. "As you think so it is." In other words, what we believe about ourselves is reflected in our earth walks. Greet every day with sacred honour songs and respectful prayers because life is a fleeting thing. The knowledge forms the basis of what it is to be human. After all, we are the weakest in all creation and therefore, as the world’s ‘takers’, we must be cognizant of what we take, how much we take and why we take it, then being grateful for the bounty through song, sacrifice, and ceremony. An Elder once told me that the grains of sand on a beach will never equal the number of teachings contained within the mysteries of the Medicine Wheel.
The Medicine Wheel increases self-esteem and just simply makes you feel good about yourself; it grounds you in the truth of who you are as someone who matters.
ELDER TEACHING: "All birds, even those of the same species are not alike, and it is the same with animals and with human beings. The reason Wakan Tanka [Creator] does not make two birds, or animals, or human beings exactly alike is because each is placed here to be an independent individual and to rely upon itself." (Heháka Sápa, Black Elk)
my greatest joys is to create a
using the participants as the 'Stones'. Participants receive so much
more out of the teachings in terms of understanding their own lives
in relation to the bigger picture. By the end of the exercise the
circle looks unify-ingly wonderful.
Tecumseh (Shawnee) Vision Statement
Live your life that the fear of death can never enter your heart. Beautify all things in your life. Seek to make your life long and its purpose in the service of your people.
Prepare a noble death song for the day when you go over the great divide. Always give a word or a sign of salute when meeting or passing a friend, even a stranger, when in a lonely place. Show respect all people and bow to none. When you arise in the morning, give thanks for the food and for the joy of living. If you see no reason for giving thanks, the fault lies only in yourself.
Trouble no one about their religion, respect others in their view, and demand that they respect yours. Love your life, perfect your life.
Abuse no one and no living thing, for abuse turns the wise ones to fools and robs the spirit of its vision. When it comes to your time to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with the fear of death, so that when their time comes they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song and die like a hero going home.
These photos were emailed to me by a gentleman who discovered it 2011 while hiking on a high ridge near Grand Junction, Colorado. The outer circle is 12' across, the inner circle is 6' in circumference. It rests in a simply breathtaking place. Colorado is the home of Plains tribes that include the Cheyenne, Comanche, Shoshoni, Apache. Arapaho, Ute, whose main ceremony was the Sun/Thirst Dance, to which the medicine wheel played a huge part. This new discovery was examined for authenticity and determined to be in the neighbourhood of fifteen hundred years old. There is always something vibrant and new to discover about our people.
T'oyaks (Thanks), Calvin, for sending me the photos. It is riveting and hopefully will continue to live on in sacredness. It lives.
WALKNG THE MEDICINE WHEEL
The Medicine Wheel assists in helping to seek: strong, healthy bodies (East); strong inner spirits (South), inner peace (West), healthy minds (North). The term "Medicine" as it is used by First Nations people does not refer to drugs or herbal remedies. It is used within the context of inner spiritual energy and healing or an enlightened experience.
The central essence of the medicine wheel is that each of you must make your own choices. More often than not, however, these choices are influenced by other individuals (families, co-workers, friends, social and political environments). Not of all your experiences are good ones, there is a lot of hate, terror, jealousy, fractured families and societies in a very unsettled world which has resulted in an increase in various kinds of cancers. Sometimes you are not successful in working around the pain and you become caught up in a jungle of tangled emotions, followed by ‘not right action’. It is difficult to walk the earth walk with care always looking to your future in healing, positive and understanding ways, when it is so easy to just give up. But, then, this is the challenge isn’t it? To learn from those experiences that have not elevated your life, (even though it can be a scary process!) keep moving forward in a manner that pleases your Ancestors. Remember: time is relative to the process of building your life and is no one else's business unless you choose to share.
emphasize, there is no right or wrong way to walk the wheel or live your
life, how we do it is our choice, and how we do it should not be judged
by anyone else. This is where
Five Native Ethics
come in, which is a whole other teaching.
Suffice it to say, that the Ethic of
is not my place to judge how you choose to live your life.
It is your place
to be there
in friendship, love, balance, support and harmony when needed and even
then your personal opinions remain your own.
After all, it was never the intent that the world
would be borne out of mistakes. Each person is created as a "perfect
soul" which reflects the central essences of the medicine wheel. I know,
it is hard to accept perfect-ness when you are feeling decidedly
imperfect on any given day. However, you are where are supposed to be at
this point in time, and you are still perfect!
should be a good day with good thoughts, good
feelings and prayer because being called to your day of quiet could be
at any time. As one of my teachers once said,
"If someone says to me, 'I'm not spiritual', I'll say, you breathe,
don’t you’? If you breathe you are spiritual for Spirituality is
breath and breath is hope."
As the beginning of the Great Spirit Prayer says,
Spirit whose breath gives life to all the world, hear me I need your
strength and wisdom."
The Circle lies at the centre of First Nations knowledge; it is simple logic, actually, as everything in the Universe is round. Father Sky is a great blue bowl, the Planets and Starts are round. Mother Earth and all that live upon her are round, i.e. the plant world with its four circular parts, roots, stems, leaves and fruit. Air swirls and water bubbles in circles. The human body is circular. In other words, the circle is integral to an understanding of the sacred and equal connections of all living beings. There is no beginning and no end in the cycle of life; it is an endless, respectful continuity from the past, to the present, to the future and to the plenitude of life. Mother Earth is often referred to as a Medicine Wheel, Copper Shield or Sacred Hoop because of her circular nature.
Always remember that very sacred teaching as regards etiquette when in circle - "What goes on in a circle, stays in a circle!" The safety and confidence with which people speak their truth is sacred and must never be spoken of outside the circle. Only those who were in the circle have the privilege of hearing that truth. It is not a debating society, therefore speak your truth from the first person and do not argue with another person's opinions or beliefs.
The circle is as sacred to Native people as the confessional is to Catholics. In other words, "ain't nobody's business but the members of the circle and the Ancestors!"
THE SEVEN DIRECTIONS
FEMALE & MALE ORIGINAL ELDERS BRING TEACHINGS TO YOU FROM BEYOND THE WHITE VEIL
EAST (Element: Air) Male Elder Speaks: "Ay-ee, this is where all Physical life begins, where Grandfather Sun begins his leisurely walk across the breast of Mother Earth's mate, Father Sky amidst the clouds borne by Air. Eagle flies in the East to assist Great Mystery in bringing messages to me. East is MALE, and Men sit in this direction where stamina, logic, strength, physical protection thrive; where Warriors for peaceful purposes emerge in the fullness of their leadership skills. It is the place where thoughtful decisions and selfless acts are made for the greater good of all. It is a time of action and positive accomplishment. I awaken to Spring which starts a new cycle of life and a new beginning. I scatter Tobacco upon the sacred earth give thanks for my health, for family, friends, and peaceful relations. It is also the direction of the beautiful Yellow People (Asian) for they originated in the eastern direction. The origination of humans is logical geography."
SOUTH (Element: Earth) Female Elder Speaks: "Ay-ee this is where all life is reborn and infused with new and positive energy for health, wellness and living in a good way. Great Mystery planted a sacred tree - which represented the 'Givers': Four Elements, Animals, Plants, Trees and their sharing/caring ways. They give themselves to me as food, medicine, shelter and clothing. I let my spirit soar on the breath of warm winds and azure waters. The South is FEMALE YOUTH sit here for they represent new life and the wonder of learning new things as they look toward their endless horizons. I glory in the Summer for it takes me into the magic of growing things. This is the place of the Healer and the Spiritual realm within me. I give thanks everyday for the confidence I feel within myself." I light Sage and breathe in the scent and remember always that I am Well, I will be Better, I am here. It is also the direction of the Proud Black People for they originated in the Southern direction. The origination of humans is logical geography"
WEST (Element: Fire) Female Elder Speaks: "Ay-yee I speak for the Fire and the Sacred rocks (Grandfathers). I stand here for all humanity. I carry the history, songs and teachings of the everlasting great circle of life; In my sweatlodge I pour life-giving, life-sustaining water onto the grandfathers; spiritual, emotional, mental and physical life regenerate through prayers that follow me through the mists of endless time. The West is FEMALE, the Emotional Realm. Women sit in the West., By balancing my emotions, I am able to stand solidly in the truth of who I am without embellishment. Keeping my emotions level helps me to stay calm, remain in the moment where I can be non-judgemental towards myself and others. The West is also the direction of creativity, the joy of spontaneity and artistic expression. Hear the teachings from the Ancestors. West is the direction of the Visionary, I acknowledge the power of my visions/dreams, prayers and I am humble in the knowledge and application of them. I revel in the Autumn months for the falling leaves take me to a place of quiet reflection. I light Sweetgrass and breathe in its gentle, sweet scent and feel a sense of well-being. The West is also the direction of the Noble Red People (First Nations People) for they originated in the Western direction. The origination of humans is logical geography"
NORTH (Element: Water) Male Elder Speaks: "Ay-yee, through the Wisdom of the Element of Water, I hear Great Mystery. The North is the direction of the wisdom and strength of the "Mindful Mind". This is the direction of the Teacher in all of us. I am wise in dispensing what I know to be true. Elders (Wise Ones) sit in the North for they represent the full circle of life and all the wisdom and experiences they acquired during their long journey. I listen to them, for their knowledge lives on and sings with the Ancestors, their stories echo on the waves of the water and out of their dreamtimes. Listen to the songs of white bears and know that the wisdom of the ages courses through them, they need the north and the cold just as I need it so I can rest and revitalize. The season of Winter is upon me and finishes the thirteen full-moon cycle. I reflect on all that I have learned and experienced during this time. I light Cedar, or drink Cedar Tea or have a Cedar Bath and float in the strong healing water of my own reflections. It is also the direction of the Memorable White People for they originated in the Northern direction. Remember, the origination of humans is logical geography.
LIFE ABOVE THE EARTH:
Father Sky the protector of the Universe and Mother Earth's Mate. The healing warmth of Grandfather Sun, the regulation of the tides and women's cycles with Grandmother Moon, Star Nation, the keepers of the wisdom of the ages.
LIFE BELOW THE EARTH:
Provides balance, cohesion, connections and rootedness with Mother Earth. I stand proud and secure in who I am. I give thanks to the four great winds that first found their origins in the lower world.
ON THE EARTH:
I honour myself and all life, for it is the mainstay of my personal journey. It is my essential INNER self which is ever-changing and transforming, that moves me beyond time and beyond seasons. I am not afraid and I welcome the changes and challenges for help forge who I am as a strong, sensible, intelligent human being.
Following the directions in a sacred way commits me to not only talking the talk, but more importantly, walking the walk. I move along my healing path embracing the unlimited medicine wheel teachings and resources available to me. Connections to culture, personal and collective vitality, personal identity, spiritual strength, all of which become my everyday thankful acknowledgements.
This is what Indigenous Renewal Ceremonies and Teachings are all about, this is why legitimate Traditional Teachers and Elders are needed and who have respectful, sacred connections to each other and to all things in the natural world.
"Wilwilaaysk, All My Relations. We have spoken. Nii'sabbat, It is finished."
DIRECTIONAL PRAYER MANTRAS
I acknowledge that I am connected to a spiritual power greater than
myself known as the Breath of the
Invisible. It loves me and created me in perfect balance with Noo
Halidzoks (Mother Earth). I
place no boundaries on the love I give myself and others. I am
not defined by the opinions of the wider world because my self-worth
comes from my soul. Besides, "if I care about
people say about me, I won't be who I am." (Russell Means, AIM)
NORTH Today I acknowledge that to change my life requires the twin elements of honesty and wisdom. Honesty to understand when a change(s) is necessary and good, Wisdom to change my patterns of behaviour even if they fly in the face of what others think and believe about me. I have a sacred right to live my life as I choose, and I reject any roles imposed or assigned to me in dysfunctional situations. I will not waste the gifts freely given by my Ancestors.
GREAT SPIRIT PRAYER
Oh Great Spirit, whose voice I hear in the wind.
Make me wise so that I may understand the things you have taught my people.
Help me to remain calm and strong in the face of all that comes
Make me always ready to come to you with clean hands and straight
....Wilwilaaysk, All My Relations
CREATING AN ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE WHEEL
IMPORTANT NOTE: When building an environmental medicine wheel, each stone represents an aspect of nature and is placed in a specific direction. The placement is not how the builder 'feels' but what is right and logical, following the time-honoured Indigenous wisdom of the ages. (See my book for details)
C.E. Webster Public School (TDSB) Medicine Wheel Magic happened over a two year period celebrating Character and Environmental Education, courtesy of Shannon Thunderbird/Sandy Horne, ArtsSmarts, Evergreen, Prologue, TDSB.
WISDOM OF THE ELDERS:
A MESSAGE TO OUR YOUTH
VICTIM: IT IS NOT OKAY FOR YOU TO BE:
1. Living in fear while at school or at home.
2. On the receiving end of jealousy, cyber-bullying, gossip and resentment of any kind.
3. Physically touched in a way that you do not want, including unwanted sexual advances.
4. Isolated, hit, pushed, bitten or any other form of physical violence.
5. Victimized by racial slurs or because you are mentally or physically challenged, or made a different gender choice. Cultural and Human Diversity are strengths not weaknesses.
6. To engage in any hazing activities that morally blackmails or humiliates you as a way of being accepted as part of the so-called "IN" crowd.
BULLY: IT NOT OKAY FOR YOU TO:
1. Engage in any intimidating behaviour, i.e., verbal/physical threats, constant criticism that makes someone feel victimized, controlled, diminished or fearful.
2. Make someone feel that everything they do or say is wrong.
3. Humiliate by text message, email, Facebook, Twitter or any other electronic means (cyber bullying, in other words).
4. Force someone to drink, take drugs or engage in any unlawful activity that seeks to bring her/him down.
5. Lie cheat, steal and then blame your actions on another innocent person.
peaceful time together creating a Character Building Medicine Wheel
empowers our youth to develop creative, fulfilling and spiritually
grounded relationships. The medicine Wheel
provides a framework in terms of achieving an integrated, non-linear,
non-judgemental approach to spiritual, mental, physical, emotional
health and wellness. Change is always possible.
To be a Warrior of Peace requires, courage,
personal leadership, determination and effort.
"What a fabulous day. I can't think of a better way to bring us all together than building a human medicine wheel. I laughed, cried, you were wonderful, your energy and compassion is simply inspiring." (M.E., Canada Employment & Immigration Union Conference, Niagara Falls, On.]
"Shannon, I hardly have the words to thank you and Sandy adequately. People have been buzzing since the workshop....I've received lots of positive emails about the event, and verbal 'enthusiasms' too....Many have suggested bringing you back next year (works for me!). I knew we were going to have a wonderful day together, but who could predict that it would turn out as the single best example of teaching building that I have ever seen. Your personal power is awesome, and your ability to read the people in front of you is truly a gift." (M. Lee, Institute of Education and Learning.)
CDs and Book are sold wherever Sandy & I are performing. They can also be ordered by email.
1. "Wind Centre" - Traditional and Contemporary Music, with Sandy Horne & Shannon Thunderbird
2. "May Your Spirit Be Strong" - Traditional & Contemporary Music, with Shannon Thunderbird.
3. "Medicine Wheel Dream Meditation"
4. Book: Medicine Wheel, Character Education in the 21st Century, Teya Peya Books, 2010.
5. Watch for new CD Release, "West Wind and the Woodland Sister", January, 1014.
Note to Gentle Readers: Due to the almost mythical number of SPAM emails anti-spam software has been installed - be patient and answer the question from IPermitmail. I look forward to hearing from you.